How to cite sources using Schema.org in JSON-LD

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Posted: under Web development
Reading time: 2 min read

So you want to add your list of sources as citations to an article, blog post, or some other creative work? This is a short and sweet post that gives you the output format you are looking for.

This has been run through Google's Structured Data Testing Tool and successfully validates.

{
  "@context": "https://schema.org/",
  "@type": "Article",
  "name": "The article title",
  "about": "The subject of your article",
  "author": {
    "@type": "Person",
    "@id": "https://www.website.com/author/your-name",
    "name": "Your Name"
  },
  "citation": [
    {
      "@type": "CreativeWork",
      "citation": "Smith et al, \"Some cited work\" Some Journal, Jan. 2015. "
    },
    {
      "@type": "CreativeWork",
      "citation": "Hatcher et al, \"Some other cited work\" Another Journal, Mar. 2019. doi: 12.3456/abc.01.123"
    }
  ],
  "commentCount": 100,
  "copyrightHolder": {
    "@id": "https://www.website.com/#organization"
  },
  "copyrightYear": 2019,
  "datePublished": "2019-04-23 01:23:45",
  "dateModified": "2019-04-23 03:23:45",
  "description": "The subject of your article",
  "discussionUrl": "https://www.website.com/blog/your-post#comments",
  "editor": {
    "@id": "https://www.website.com/author/your-name#author"
  },
  "headline": "The article title",
  "image": "https://www.website.com/wp-content/uploads/image.jpg",
  "inLanguage": "English",
  "mainEntityOfPage": "https://www.website.com/blog/your-post",
  "publisher": {
    "@id": "https://www.website.com/#organization"
  },
  "sourceOrganization": {
    "@id": "https://www.website.com/#organization",
    "type": "Organization",
    "name": "Our Company",
    "logo": {
      "@type": "ImageObject",
      "name": "Our Logo",
      "width": "230",
      "height": "67",
      "url": "https://www.website.com/images/logo.png"
    }
  },
  "url": "https://www.website.com/blog/your-post"
}

Other fields have been added above for context, and because this stuff can be a PITA to figure out.

You'll obviously want to edit the other fields accordingly. Happy citing!

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